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Egyptian Mummification Egyptian Mummification Egyptian embalmers were so skilled that people mummified four thousand years ago still have skin, hair and recognizable features such as scars and tattoos.
The word mummy comes from the Arabic mummiya, meaning bitumen or coal and every Egyptian, except the most abject criminal, was entitled to be embalmed and receive a decent burial. The body was taken to the embalmers by the relatives, who then chose the method and quality of mummification.
The best and most expensive methods were used on the wealthy, but there were cheaper alternatives for the poor. The Greek historian Herodotus, who lived in the fifth century BC, described the different methods The Most Costly Draw out the brain through the nostrils Take out the whole contents of the belly, and clean the interior with palm-wine and spices.
Fill the belly with pure myrrh, cassia and other spices and sew it together again. Cover up in natron for seventy days. Wash the corpse and roll it up in fine linen. Less Costly Fill the belly with oil of cedar-wood using a syringe by the breech, which is plugged to stop the drench from returning back; it dissolves the bowels and interior organs.
After the appointed number of days with the natron treatment the cedar oil is let out and the corpse is left as skin and the bones. Returned the corpse the family.
For the Poor Cleanse out the belly with a purge.
Keep the body for seventy days of natron treatment. Return the corpse to the family. Canopic Jars Canopic Jars Except for the heart, which was needed by the deceased in the Hall of Judgment, the embalmers removed all of the internal organs from the body.
These were placed into four vases, called Canopic Jars. The lids formed the shape of the Four Sons of Horus. The liver was associated with Imset who was depicted with a human head.
The stomach was associated with Duamutef with the head of a jackal. The intestines and viscera of the lower body was associated with the falcon headed Kebechsenef. Natron Natron is a naturally occurring white, crystalline mineral salt which absorbs water from its surroundings.
It was mined from dry lake beds and used in the mummification process to soak up water from the body. After seventy days in natron the dried out and shriveled body was washed and rubbed with oil and fragrant spices.Death and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt; Death and Afterlife in Ancient Egypt.
B. Pages:6 A considerable literature, much of it of a speculative nature, has grown up around the modern interest in the process of mummification. In recent decades the progress of science has done much to dispel earlier misconceptions, but many of these have become.
Homework the psychology essay relationships and tools used in mummification was very important to ancient read this of artificial preservation, egypt mummies was preserved.
Help lengthy process of a . Egyptian Art case – Egyptian Art c. – 30 BC Essay. Ancient Egyptian civilization, like the civilizations of Sumer and the Indus Valley, grew up along a great river (Nile) that provided irrigation for agriculture and also a thoroughfare for transport of men and materials.
Thesis Statement In this paper, I will argue that, between the Old Kingdom and the Third Intermediate Period, the Egyptian embalming process changed because the ancient Egyptians consistently searched for a more effective way to preserve the human body and avoid shrinkage after embalming had occurred.
Mummification In Egypt Funerary Beliefs And Practices History Essay. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, "Ancient Egyptian civilization was based on religion; their belief in the rebirth after death became their driving force behind their funeral practices.
"The process of mummification. A mummy can be defined as either the body of a person or animal that has undergone the process of preservation after death. In ancient Egypt religious beliefs it was inevitable for the human body to be preserved and this involved the process of artificial preservation simply known as mummification.