Just general points would be fine tbh.
In the late 9th century Vikings forged them into a nation centered on Kiev. The Vikings first captured Novgorod in and Kiev in The new nation was called Rus and in time its Viking rulers adopted native customs and language.
They were assimilated into Russian society. Kievan Rus was powerful nation and it traded with the Byzantine Empire. The Russians exported slaves, honey and furs. However after the ruler Yaroslav the Wise lived and reigned died Rus broke up into a federation of Princedoms.
Furthermore the economic importance of Rus declined. From the 12th century the center of European trade shifted to Germany and Italy. Then in Kiev was captured by Andrew Bogolyubsky, a Prince from the northeast.
However he was assassinated in and the Russians continued to quarrel among themselves. Then in the mid 13th century the Mongols stormed into Eastern Europe. He captured and destroyed Ryazan and Moscow then Vladimir. The Mongols or Tartars then marched towards Novgorod but they were slowed by the thaw in the Spring of So they turned south.
In they destroyed Kiev. In Batu established himself as ruler of a large part of eastern Europe, including Russia.
His realm was called the Khanate of the Golden Horde. Its capital was at Sarai. Although the Tartars at first destroyed towns and villages and massacred the inhabitants they afterwards let the Russian principalities run themselves although they were forced to pay tribute to the Tartars and to supply soldiers for their army.
Moreover the Tartars did not invade the Principality of Novgorod. The ruler Alexander Nevsky voluntarily submitted. However he wisely decided to submit to the Tartars. In his son Daniel became Prince of Moscow. Daniel annexed large amounts of surrounding territory before his death in His policy of annexing territory was continued by his successors.
Huge amounts were taken during the reigns of Dmitry Donoskoy and Vasily Moscow or Muscovy gradually became more and more important.
In the Metropolitan moved to Moscow. In and the Lithuanians attacked Moscow but failed to capture it. Then in Prince Dmitry defeated the Tartars at Kulikovo. However in the Tartars captured Moscow and burned it, though Dmitry was allowed to remain its prince.
Yet the Tartar yoke was slowly removed as the Golden Khanate broke up. The Russians were very offended. The union was rejected in Russia. Tartar dominance in Russia was finally extinguished in A Tartar army marched into Russia to demand tribute that had not been paid for 4 years.
However they hesitated when their Polish allies did not turn up. Eventually the Tartars withdrew and gave up all claim to tribute. He greatly increased the territory of Russia.
In he gradually conquered Novgorod and eventually he became ruler of most of the Russian people. Many European craftsmen came to work in Russia.
In the English reached northwest Russia by sea and began trading.In January the Bolshevik leader Lenin, who had been desperately ill for many months, died after a major stroke.
After a brief power struggle, power passed to Joseph Dzhugashvili, better known by his revolutionary codename ashio-midori.com Lenin, Stalin was neither a figurehead, an intellectual figure or an obvious leader; his early duties in the Bolshevik movement included raising funds by.
Revision flashcards for section 1 of the AS Russia () Hodder Revision Guide. Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Stalin used the debates to win power at PARTY CONGRESS. The Triumvirate (Stalin, Zinoviev,Kamenev) won vote to continue NEP + eliminated Trotsky .
The Political Revolution THE STATE OF THE TRANSITIONAL PERIOD (a) Socialism and the State. As soon as the workers capture political power, they will use it to transform the State and the economic system, so far as the latter is susceptible to political manipulation, in accordance with their interests.
Nov 07, · When the Soviets seized power in , Vladimir Lenin immediately announced that Russia was withdrawing from World War I and entered into talks with Germany in the Polish town of Brest Litovsk, quickly arranging an armistice for the eastern front.
Russia–United Kingdom relations, also Anglo-Russian relations, is the bilateral relationship between Russia and the United ashio-midori.com formal ties between the courts of Moscow and London go back to Russia and Britain were allies against Napoleon in the early 19th century, enemies in the Crimean War of the s, and rivals in the Great Game for control of central Asia in the latter.