C was a Greek philosopher and writer born in Stagira, Northern Greece. He was also the teacher of Alexander the Great. He studied physics, logic, mathematics, etc.
After reading you will understand the basics of this powerful communication tool. What is the Communication Cycle? Communication is a very complex process that happens orally, in written form as well as in non-verbal form, and in which the message that is being sent, takes place in a certain context.
Both the sender and the recipient can respond to each other in this model, with the sender and recipient alternating roles. This leads to a cyclical process. He has an expressive function. It can be information, an emotion, song, dance, and so on.
The thing he sends, is the message. This message is intended for the recipient s. How the recipient handles it and interprets the message is called the appellative function. The message itself has to be carried by a medium, also called a channel.
The sender usually uses multiple media to get to the recipient. In addition to the voice for spoken words, the sender uses gestures, facial expression, posture and intonation as media.
He can also use supporting media, such as a PowerPoint presentation, flip chart, music or a slide show. Coding and decoding the message A message is communicated in different ways; spoken and written words languagesigns such as smoke, colours and symbols semantics and body language non-verbal communication.
How the message is communicated and how it is understood are two different things. On the one hand we see en coding and on the other decoding. A message has to be transmitted in such a way that it can be understood by both the sender and the recipient. For this, the sender uses coding.
He translates what he has in his head to understandable language, with the intention that the recipient will understand what he means.
He therefore carefully chooses his words, considers the level of his recipient and tries to make clear what he means. Because every human being has their own and unique frame of reference, determined by background, education, how they were raised, experiences and so on, every individual will interpret a message differently.
The more clearly the sender has encoded the message, the more accurately the recipient can decode it, minimising the chance of misunderstandings. Noise Still, there can be interference in the Communication Cycle that leads to misunderstandings.
This is then referred to as miscommunication. Within communication, that kind of interference is called noise or static. This noise can occur internally, within the Communication Cycle model, or externally, outside of the Communication Cycle model.
When the interference is created on purpose, it is known as intentional noise. Internal noise usually occurs at the sender or at the recipient. The recipient can also experience internal noise, making it impossible for him to properly receive the message and decode it.
For example, the recipient might be distracted or already have a certain preconception or opinion that prevent him from listening properly.
Headaches or fatigue are other well-known forms of internal static on the side of the recipient.Although in Shannon and Weaver's model a speaker and a listener would strictly be the source and the destination rather than the transmitter and the receiver, in discussions of the model the participants are commonly humanised as the sender and the receiver.
The JICS model of how people communicate with media is based on the Shannon and weaver model from , this model is based on a linear understanding of communications, with 8 elements. The first element is the source, or where the media has originated from, this is .
• Shannon and Weaver Model () The original model was designed to mirror the functioning of radio and telephone technologies. Their initial model consisted of three primary .
Shannon was an American mathematician whereas Weaver was a scientist. The Mathematical theory later came to be known as Shannon Weaver model of communication or “mother of all models.”This model is .
Sep 22, · The Communication Cycle model is a communication model that provides a schematic representation of the relation between sender, message, medium/ media and recipient.
Learn how to apply the Communication Cycle model by Shannon and Weaver to improve your communication skills. Read more about this great communication toolRatings: 7. In , David Berlo postulated Berlo’s Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver (SMCR) model of communication from Shannon Weaver’s Model of Communication ().
He described factors affecting the individual components in the communication making the communication more efficient.