Is it the responsibility of an individual's genetic makeup that makes them a criminal or is it the environment in which they are raised that determines their outcome? Research has been conducted regarding this debate which has resulted in a conclusion that both genes and environment do play a role in the criminality of an individual. This evidence has been generated from a number of twin, family, and adoption studies as well as laboratory experiments. Furthermore, the research has stated that it is more often an interaction between genes and the environment that predicts criminal behavior.
Plato[ edit ] Both Plato and Aristotle saw in mimesis the representation of natureincluding human nature, as reflected in the dramas of the period.
In Ion, he states that poetry is the art of divine madness, or inspiration. Because the poet is subject to this divine madness, instead of possessing "art" or "knowledge" — techne — of the subject cthe poet does not speak truth as characterized by Plato's account of the Forms.
As Plato has it, truth is only the concern of the philosopher.
As culture in those days did not consist in the solitary reading of books, but in the listening to performances, the recitals of orators and poetsor the acting out by classical actors of tragedy, Plato maintained in his critique that theatre was not sufficient in conveying the truth c.
He was concerned that actors or orators were thus able to persuade an audience by rhetoric rather than by telling the truth b.
Socrates warns we should not Comparison of theories on personality essay regard poetry as being capable of attaining the truth and that we who listen to poetry should be on our guard against its seductions, since the poet has no place in our idea of God.
Those who copy only touch on a small part of things as they really are, where a bed may appear differently from various points of view, looked at obliquely or directly, or differently again in a mirror. So painters or poets, though they may paint or describe a carpenter, or any other maker of things, know nothing of the carpenter's the craftsman's art,  and though the better painters or poets they are, the more faithfully their works of art will resemble the reality of the carpenter making a bed, nonetheless the imitators will still not attain the truth of God's creation.
Aristotle[ edit ] Similar to Plato's writings about mimesis, Aristotle also defined mimesis as the perfection, and imitation of nature.
Art is not only imitation but also the use of mathematical ideas and symmetry in the search for the perfect, the timeless, and contrasting being with becoming. Nature is full of change, decay, and cycles, but art can also search for what is everlasting and the first causes of natural phenomena.
Aristotle wrote about the idea of four causes in nature. The first, the formal causeis like a blueprint, or an immortal idea. The second cause is the material cause, or what a thing is made out of.
The third cause is the efficient cause, that is, the process and the agent by which the thing is made.
The fourth, the final cause, is the good, or the purpose and end of a thing, known as telos. Aristotle's Poetics is often referred to as the counterpart to this Platonic conception of poetry. Poetics is his treatise on the subject of mimesis.
Aristotle was not against literature as such; he stated that human beings are mimetic beings, feeling an urge to create texts art that reflect and represent reality. Aristotle considered it important that there be a certain distance between the work of art on the one hand and life on the other; we draw knowledge and consolation from tragedies only because they do not happen to us.
Without this distance, tragedy could not give rise to catharsis. However, it is equally important that the text causes the audience to identify with the characters and the events in the text, and unless this identification occurs, it does not touch us as an audience.Myers and Briggs Personality Tests - Myers and Briggs Analysis The Myers and Briggs Analysis is a series of questions that when answered are examined and grouped together in order to determine the personalities of those taking this test.
This essay will explain the two types of theories with examples and later on distinguish between them two. Three main psychologists that introduced psychodynamic theories of personality were Sigmund Freud, Erik Erikson and Carl Jung.
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In addition to the research showing that the gene responsible for production of monoamine oxidase has a possible link to criminality, some evidence has also shown a .
Also, “it starts to look like me and the feminists” should be “looks like I”. And “untitled” doesn’t really make sense.
And if biology is a hard science, it’s on the extreme soft edge of hard sciences. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.