On the fifth day after the Persian arrival at Thermopylae and the first day of the battle, Xerxes finally resolved to attack the Greeks. First, he ordered 5, archers to fire a barrage of arrows, but they were ineffective; they fired from at least yards away, according to modern day scholars, and the Greeks' bronze shields and helmets deflected the arrows. After that, Xerxes sent a force of 10, Medes and Cissians to take the defenders prisoner and bring them before him.
The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.
Sending the main army in retreat, Leonidas and a small contingent remained behind to resist the advance and were defeated. This offended the proud Greeks greatly; the Athenians went so far as to toss the Persian heralds into a pit, while the Spartans followed suit and tossed them into a well.
He began the same way his predecessor had: Many Greek city-states either joined Xerxes or remained neutral, while Athens and Sparta led the resistance with a number of other city-states behind them. Before invading, Xerxes implored the Spartan king Leonidas to surrender his arms.
Xerxes intended to do just that and thus moved toward Thermopylae.
Xerxes led a vast army overland from the Dardanellesaccompanied by a substantial fleet moving along the coast. His forces quickly seized northern Greece and began moving south. The Greek resistance tried to halt Persian progress on land at the narrow pass of Thermopylae and at sea nearby in the straits of Artemisium.
The Greek army was led by Leonidas, who was estimated to have had around 7, men. Xerxes, on the other hand, had anywhere from 70, toDespite the disparity in numbers, the Greeks were able to maintain their position. Their strategy involved holding a line only a few dozen yards long between a steep hillside and the sea.
This constricted the battlefield and prevented the Persians from utilizing their vast numbers. For two days the Greeks defended against Persian attacks and suffered light losses as they imposed heavy casualties on the Persian army. Only when the Greeks were betrayed did the battle take a detrimental turn for them.
Xerxes took advantage of this betrayal and sent part of his army along this path, led by Ephialtes himself.
After reaching the other side, the Persians attacked and destroyed a portion of the Greek army. This forced Leonidas to call a war council, at which it was decided that retreating was the best option.
However, as the majority of the Greek army retreated, Leonidas, his bodyguards, some helots people enslaved by the Spartansand 1, Boeotians remained behind, supposedly because retreating would defy Spartan law and custom.
They held their ground against the Persians but were quickly defeated by the vast enemy army, and many if not all; sources differ were killed, including Leonidas. News of this defeat reached the troops at Artemisium, and Greek forces there retreated as well.
Today the Battle of Thermopylae is celebrated as an example of heroic persistence against seemingly impossible odds. Soon after the battle, the Greeks built a stone lion in honour of those who had died and specifically for the fallen king Leonidas.
The Battle of Thermopylae also served as the inspiration for the film Thermopylae is primarily known for the battle that took place there in BC, in which an outnumbered Greek force probably of seven thousand (including the famous Spartans, warriors from Tegea, from Mantinea, from Arcadian Orchomenos, from the rest of Arcadia, from Phlius, 80 from Mycenae, Corinthians, Thebans, Phocians and the Opuntian Locrians) held off.
Aug 21, · Watch video · Leonidas (c.
B.C.) was a king of the city-state of Sparta from about B.C. until his death at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persian army in B.C. Battle of Thermopylae, ( bce), battle in central Greece at the mountain pass of Thermopylae during the Persian Wars.
The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led . The Battle of Artemisium was fought in early August BC in conjunction with the Battle of Thermopylae. The Battle of Artemisium was a naval engagement between the Greek and Persian fleets and saw fighting over a three day span.
With the defeat on land at Thermopylae, the Greeks were forced to withdraw from Artemisium. The battle of Thermopylae was the first between the Persians and Greeks during the Persian invasion of BC. The Greek force was very small but was determined to .
Apr 27, · Battle of Thermopylae BC Part 1 of 3.