The society is still in the formative stage, but has members in North America, Australia, Asia, and Europe.
Visit Website Soldiers and Army brass alike expected the beach landings to be a massacre worse than D-Day. Wave after wave of troops, tanks, ammunition and supplies went ashore almost effortlessly within hours.
The troops quickly secured both Kadena and Yontan airfields. Mitsuru Ushijima, defended Okinawa. The military force also included an unknown number of conscripted civilians and unarmed Home Guards known as Boeitai. Japanese troops had been instructed not to fire on the American landing forces but instead watch and wait for them, mostly in Shuri, a rugged area of southern Okinawa where General Ushijima had set up a triangle of defensive positions known as the Shuri Defense Line.
Battleship Yamato American troops who headed North to the Motobu Peninsula endured intense resistance and over 1, casualties, but won a decisive battle relatively quickly.
It was different along the Shuri Line where they had to overcome a series of heavily-defended hills loaded with firmly-entrenched Japanese troops. But Allied submarines spotted the Yamato and alerted the fleet who then launched a crippling air attack.
The ship was bombarded and sank along with most of its crew. Torrential rains made the hills and roads watery graveyards of unburied bodies.
Casualties were enormous on both sides by the time the Americans took Shuri Castle in late May. Defeated yet not beaten, the Japanese retreated to the southern coast of Okinawa where they made their last stand. On April 4, the Japanese unleashed these well-trained pilots on the Fifth Fleet.
Some dove their planes into ships at miles per hour causing catastrophic damage. American sailors tried desperately to shoot them down but were often sitting ducks against enemy pilots with nothing to lose.
During the Battle of Okinawa, the Fifth Fleet suffered: The American attack on the ridge began on April It was a brutal battle for both sides. To defend the escarpment, Japanese troops hunkered down in a network of caves and dugouts. They were determined to hold the ridge and decimated some American platoons until just a few men remained.
Much of the fighting was hand-to-hand and particularly ruthless. The Americans finally took Hacksaw Ridge on May 6. All Americans who fought in the Battle of Okinawa were heroic, but one soldier at the escarpment stood out—Corporal Desmond T. He was an army medic and Seventh-Day Adventist who refused to raise a gun to the enemy.
Still, he remained on the escarpment after his commanding officers ordered a retreat. Surrounded by enemy soldiers, he went alone into the battle fray and rescued 75 of his wounded comrades. His heroic story was brought to life on the big screen in in the film Hacksaw Ridge.
As a result, countless took their own lives. To encourage their surrender, General Buckner initiated propaganda warfare and dropped millions of leaflets declaring the war was all but lost for Japan.
About 7, Japanese soldiers surrendered, but many chose death by suicide. Some jumped from high hills, others blew themselves up with grenades.
When faced with the reality that further fighting was futile, General Ushijima and his Chief of Staff, General Cho, committed ritual suicide on June 22, effectively ending the Battle of Okinawa.
The Americans bore over 49, casualties including 12, killed. General Buckner was killed in action on June 18, just days before the battle ended. Japanese losses were even greater—aboutJapanese soldiers lost their lives. Winning the Battle of Okinawa put Allied forces within striking distance of Japan.
But wanting to bring the war to a swift end, and knowing over 2 million Japanese troops were awaiting battle-weary American soldiers, Harry S. Truman chose to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6. Finally, Japan had had enough. Sources Hellish Prelude at Okinawa.
The Decision to Drop the Bomb.This would be an ideal introduction to a study of the War in the Pacific or a summary of the last days of WW2. There is also a perspective presented that could be a useful discussion point for a Depth Study.
May 06, · The Information War in the Pacific, Ignorance of the history of August may turn out to be one of the lamentable legacies of World War II. religion and thought; and introduction of respect for fundamental human rights.
The final section demanded that the government of Japan “proclaim now the unconditional surrender. The history of the war in the Pacific falls neatly into three periods. The first six months of the war, from December to May , were a time of unbroken Japanese military victory. At the-height of Japanese expansion in mid, the tide turned.
The definitive one-volume history of World War II in the Pacific theater, The Pacific War was the first book to weave together the separate stories of the fighting in China, Malaya, Burma, the East Indies, the Philippines, New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and the Aleutians.
Now available with a new cover, John Costello’s classic work provides a /5(52). They present Western involvement in Sino-Japanese contexts, and establish the war's place in World War II and world history in general.
About the authors Mark Peattie is a research fellow at the Hoover Institution and visiting scholar at the Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center at Stanford University.
Academic instruction on the military and diplomatic history of the Pacific War of will be provided in two, minute lectures on the Columbus campus at .