An experiment on the effects of light changes on photosynthesis

Green fluorescent Daylight Fig.

An experiment on the effects of light changes on photosynthesis

The colorimeter wavelength was set to nm. Six other plastic cuvettes were filled with 1 ml of DCPIP solution and 2 ml of reaction buffer solution. The six cuvettes were thoroughly shaken and placed alongside a ruler at distances of 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 cm each.

Each cuvette had its light absorbance tested to make sure they all contained a similar solution so as to avoid data collection errors later on in the lab.

Turn on the lamp and wait for 2 minutes allowing the Hill reaction to take place. Then, once the time had elapsed, each cuvette was quickly tested by using the colorimeter for its light absorbance. Processed Data Table 2. Raw data with the light intensity calculated with the proportionality with 40W as the constant of this relation.

Because 6 retakes where made, an average was made with its uncertainty calculated.

Effects Light has on the rate of Photosynthesis Conclusion and Anlysis by sarah boden on Prezi

Even if only 6 values were tested, a correlation coefficient was calculated and was 0. On the graph underneath all the sequential tries have been plotted, showing their resemblance and trend.

A disagreement is noticed in the last set of values. This graph shows the average values plotted and their respective error bar. A trend is easily noticed as the values increase in a logarithmic way, steadily approaching a certain optimum.

However the last value However a clear conclusion that has to be made is that light is indeed a limiting and essential factor to the rate of photosynthesis in photosystem II, as it is light that provides photons and excites electrons as soon as it touches the pigment molecule.

In isolated chloroplasts, light is required as the name of the observed reaction states, light dependant reaction.

An experiment on the effects of light changes on photosynthesis

This also allows us to conclude that no CO2 was used to form carbohydrates and that CO2 is only required at a later stage in photosynthesis that was left unmonitored but safely assumed to have been paralysed due to the lack of travelling electrons. Our second conclusion then is that CO2 is only used at a later stage and that a plant still has the ability to photosynthesize.

Evaluation Firstly, this lab did not measure the rate of photosynthesis as DCPIP blocked the procedure from occurring early on, so claiming that this lab measured the rate of photosynthesis does not make sense and we should focus on the fact that we are only observing and assessing the first steps of photosynthesis.

The chloroplast solute containing many enzymes and co-enzymes would have had its activity affected by the temperature at which it was stored and the temperature it was subject to during the experiment, therefore a possible source of inaccuracies could have originated from this and more reactions where happening due to high temperature increasing rate of reactions.

The chloroplasts could have been kept in a container surrounded by ice cubes during the experiment so as to avoid any incidental reactions. The chloroplast solute was also subject to light many times before the experiment started and during it opening the fridge door, low but existing ambient light in the room of the experiment allowing one to see.

The precaution of putting aluminium foil to possibly preserve the temperature and stop light entering was a bad idea as once a ray of light entered, a similar effect to total internal reflection was created.

Another non-reflective material such as paper should have been used and then foil could have been placed over the layer of paper for heat transfer concerns.

Additionally the trials taken at 10cm had an exceptionally high measurement. This was highly likely due to the heat radiated by the lamp, causing the rate of reaction to be higher than as if it were only due to light intensity.

Instead another limiting factor, temperature was increased.

Light as a wave

To avoid such problems a thin tank of water could have been placed between the light and the solutions, as water has an exceptionally high specific heat capacity and acts as an effective heat blocker, while still letting light through. The high measurement for the 10cm trials can also be explained by the arrangement of the cuvettes, which caused each cuvette to cast a shadow upon the next cuvette, removing light and thus meaning that only the first cuvette at 10cm received the intended amount of light.

This could have easily been fixed by placing the cuvettes in an alternating fashion, describe in a diagram besides. The simple solution is simply to do each experiment one at a time.

DCPIP being a blue compound itself when oxidized obscured the light intended for the chloroplasts to react causing the rate of reaction to happen at an increasing rate while the DCPIP reduced, becoming colourless.

Another factor that would have increased the quality of the results would have been to use a lux meter to measure the illuminance at various distances and not have to really on the relationship, which is not the most precise way of measuring light intensity. Finally more distances should have been tested, as we have no data for 15 to 45 Wm Distances such as 16, 17 ,20 ,22, 25, 27 would have been extremely useful for two reasons.

Firstly because we would have data for the large range of light intensity blank and we would have had 12 different measures allowing a proper statistical test to be used. In this case a non-linear regression test would have been the most suited for testing the relationship. More essays like this:An assumption being made in this experiment is that the gas bubbles being counted are only oxygen, and that production of oxygen is proportional to the rate of photosynthesis.

Another assumption is that all the bubbles are the same size. Increasing the light intensity will boost the speed of photosynthesis. However, at high light intensities the rate becomes constant.

Experiment. Place a pond weed Elodea upside in a test tube containing water. Place the tube in a beaker of fresh water at 25°C.

Demonstrating Oxygen Evolution during Photosynthesis using Pondweed

This helps to maintain a constant temperature around the pond weed. The effects of light on photosynthesis The animation below describes an experiment to investigate the effects of light on photosynthesis.

The affect of light on photosynthesis can be investigated using the experimental setup shown. Transcript of Effects Light has on the rate of Photosynthesis Conclusion and Anlysis By: Sarah Boden, Makayla Spillman, Mackenzie Bissell Does Light Affect the rate of Photosynthesis?

Introduction Real World connections Light intensity is a factor in the rate of photosynthesis, which is the production of simple sugars from carbon dioxide and. Investigating the light dependent reaction in photosynthesis. Traditionally the production of oxygen and starch are used as evidence for photosynthesis.

The light-dependent reactions produce a reducing agent. This normally reduces NADP, but in this experiment the electrons are accepted by the blue dye DCPIP. Reduced DCPIP is colourless. Light pollution, also known as photopollution, is the presence of anthropogenic light in the night is exacerbated by excessive, misdirected or obtrusive uses of light, but even carefully used light fundamentally alters natural conditions.

Light pollution - Wikipedia